Emotional Body Scans
Maps of bodily sensations associated with different emotions. Hot colors show activated, cool colors deactivated regions.
Credit: Lauri Nummenmaa, Enrico Glerean, Riitta Hari, and Jari Hietanen.
Despite working in more routine and less autonomous jobs, having fewer close friends at work, and feeling less supported by their coworkers, blacks report significantly more positive emotions in the workplace than whites, according to a new study Social Psychology Quarterly.
Journal Reference: M. M. Sloan, R. J. Evenson Newhouse, A. B. Thompson. Counting on Coworkers: Race, Social Support, and Emotional Experiences on the Job. Social Psychology Quarterly, 2013; 76 (4): 343 DOI: 10.1177/0190272513504937
10 Go Green, Organic & Chemical-Free New Year’s Resolutions
1-I will treat my body and brain with complete respect. (Ex: I will learn to prepare delicious, homemade meals and snacks from whole foods so I can reduce processed foods in my diet by at least 50%.)
2-I will make informed choices. (Ex: I will read the labels on all food and personal care products and avoid those containing chemicals of concern.)
3-I will never take more than I need. (Ex: I will use my critical thinking skills and think before I take or use.)
4-I will give back more than I take. (Ex: I will recycle everything possible, repurpose where possible, I will purchase recycled paper and upcycled goods when possible, etc.)
5-I will leave the smallest footprint possible. (Ex. I will unplug, line-dry, turn off lights behind me, etc.)
6-I will DIY it wherever possible. (Ex: I will collect recipes and learn to make personal care products, foods, beauty products, etc. from scratch on my own, using fresh, whole ingredients.)
7-I will continue to expand my mind and understanding. (Ex: I will continue to read articles, blogs, news pieces, etc. about how to live in harmony with my own body, with other human and nonhuman animals, and the planet.)
8-I will grow my own food. (Ex: I will learn to grown vegetables, herbs and spices, even on a small, container level, and compost food scraps when possible.)
9-I will educate others. (Ex: I will spread the word to family, friends, colleagues, & coworkers about the need to go green, organic and chemical-free. I will be an activist for cleaner, healthier food, pet products and personal care products.)
10-I will be mindful of others with whom I share the planet. (Ex. I will think about the birds, animals, sea creatures and wildlife before I engage in actions that might cause them harm.)
a-Write your resolutions down and keep a copy where you will see them each day.
b-Tell someone else about your resolutions.
c-Track your progress periodically and write it down.
d-Reward yourself as your transformations appear!
chemicalfreelife: Have a Joy-filled, Green, Clean and Healthy New Year!
Valley Girl Research
Linguistics Studies on Uptalking, Valley-Girl-Speak
New York Times
“Men don’t think they do it, but they do.”
Generally, the women used uptalk almost twice as often as men, with their rises beginning later in a sentence and hitting higher pitches…
Uptalk, the researchers found, could also serve a strategic purpose through a technique known as “floor-holding,” in which the speaker, anticipating an interruption by the listener, tries to stave it off by using a rising tone at the end of a statement. Floor-holding is the vocal equivalent of holding up your palm, as if to say, “Wait, I’m not finished!”
When giving directions…Uptalkers use rises as if they are implicitly asking the listener to confirm that they were being understood: “Go all the way to the right in the middle where it says Canyon Hills?” Both the men and women in the study used uptalk 100 percent of the time in these so-called “confirming” statements…
“The more successful a man is, the less likely he is to use uptalk; the more successful a woman is, the more likely she is to use uptalk.”
"and maybe, for your sake, I will not tell you what I really think. how I really feel. may be for your sake."
<do not threaten the cactus. you will never win.>
People think you’re crazy if you talk about things they don’t understand.
At the intersection of selfishness and team structure is an interesting lesson about gender.
In their new paper, "Are Women More Attracted to Cooperation Than Men?,” the economists found that, yes, women are—and it has to do with relative competence, the degree to which you think your ability matches up against that of your colleagues. In short, men tend to overestimate their abilities and downplay those of their coworkers, while women shortchange their skills and defer to their peers.
SPECIAL: How to Have a Green, Non-toxic Christmas
Go green this Christmas with small, simple steps
Anyone can have a greener Christmas, by reducing waste and avoiding toxic products, environmental advocates say.
- Experts suggest wrapping gifts in festively decorated fabrics instead of paper.
- Environmentalists also urge people to be cautious about avoiding lead in Christmas lights.
- Gifts don’t have to be wrapped at all. Some people give “experiences,” such as a movie night.
Anyone can have a greener Christmas, according to environmental advocates who say people can celebrate a healthier, more eco-friendly holiday with a few simple changes in their routines.
A typical family can easily fill two or three garbage bags with discarded wrapping paper, ribbons and plastic packaging. Reusable gift bags, boxes and voocan reduce how much trash goes to the landfill. So can saving Christmas wrap and reusing it again next year.
But one of the best solutions may be cloth wrap, says pediatrician Alan Greene, whose family now wraps their presents in holiday-patterned fabrics. While fabric wrap and cloth ribbons may cost more up-front, they save money in the long run, because they can be re-used for years, says Greene,author of Raising Baby Green: The Earth-Friendly Guide to Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Baby Care. Greene says he’s been inspired by books such as Jennifer Playford’s Wrapagami: The Art of Fabric Gift Wraps, which illustrates how to fold fabric in ways that keep it from falling apart, even without tape or ribbons.
Greene says he also likes the idea of combining gift and wrap, by wrapping presents in a pretty scarf.
Writer Alexandra Zissu, editorial director for Healthy Child Healthy World, an environmental advocacy group, wraps her gifts in a renewable resource: “the endless amounts of art work that my daughter creates on a daily basis.”
LED lights use a lot less electricity than traditional Christmas lights, and present less of a fire hazard, Greene says. Some LED lights now are even solar-powered, eliminating the need to find an electrical outlet.
But like artificial trees, electric Christmas light cords are usually made with PVC plastic, which often contains lead, says Alicia Voorhies, co-founder of thesoftlanding.com site and blog, which focuses on green living. A study on HealthyStuff.org, run by the Ecology Center, a Michigan-based advocacy group, found lead in 79% of lights that were tested.
For lead-free lights, Voorhies suggests looking for ones labeled “RoHS-compliant.” That refers to the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) directive, the European Union’s standard for regulation of toxic materials.
Strings of plastic beads, such as those used as Christmas tree garlands or Mardi Gras necklaces, also contain toxic chemicals, including lead, according to a new study at HealthyStuff.org.
Greene says he likes old-fashioned decorations from nature — strings of popcorn and cranberries, and fresh greenery.
Presents don’t have to come in packages, says Jennifer Taggart, author of Smart Mama’s Green Guide: Simple Steps to Reduce Your Child’s Toxic Chemical Exposure.
She enjoys giving loved ones “experiences,” such as a trip to the movies or family outing.
For stocking stuffers, Zissu suggests giving kids packets of seeds, oranges and organic lollipops.
Zissu says she stays away from perfumed candles and air fresheners, which often are made with petroleum and which can emit volatile organic compounds, which are chemicals that form a gas or vapor at room temperature. Some greener ways to make the house smell great is to decorate with freshly cut pine or fir branches, make home-made potpourri, or boil cinnamon and oranges on the stove.
Zissu suggests looking for rechargeable batteries for any electronic gifts.
In many communities, people can also recycle “e-waste,” or old electronics, such as TVs. Many charities accept donated cell phones, then give them to veterans, women in domestic violence shelters or others in need.
my flowering Christmas cactus just told me winter is near.
Wow. My old friend JC—walking, talking proof of the link between nostalgia and optimism—taught me this a long time ago and now scientific research supports it!
New research from the University of Southampton shows that feeling nostalgic about the past will increase optimism about the future.
The research, published in the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, examined the idea that nostalgia is not simply a past-orientated emotion but its scope extends into the future, with a positive outlook.
"Nostalgia raises self-esteem which in turn heightens optimism. Our findings have shown that nostalgia does have the capacity to facilitate perceptions of a more positive future. Memories of the past can help to maintain current feelings of self-worth and can contribute to a brighter outlook on the future. Our findings do imply that nostalgia, by promoting optimism, could help individuals cope with psychological adversity."
-Dr Tim Wildschut, lead researcher
The psychology of language always gives people away and this is especially true in the case of those who take ownership of their illnesses…’my diabetes’, ‘my IBS’, ‘my mental illness’, and so on reveal that one has become defined by their affliction rather than being a person who has illness or condition X. The problem with taking ownership of an illness in this way is that one’s personal identity, life goals, interests and activities also eventually become adversely affected by the condition. Rather than evolving into a vibrant, unique individual who embraces life’s challenges and opportunities to the fullest despite their mental or physical health conditions, the illness owner becomes limited, constrained, and defined by it. “I am a diabetic” puts one in a very different orbit from, “I have diabetes”.
polymathicv: Never own a disease. Your mind creates your reality
Social Psychology & Food…Your Friends Influence Your Food Choices—New Research
If you want to eat healthier when dining out, research recommends surrounding yourself with friends who make healthy food choices. A University of Illinois study showed that when groups of people eat together at a restaurant at which they must state their food choice aloud, they tend to select items from the same menu categories…
"My conclusion from the research is that people want to be different, but not that different," said University of Illinois food economist Dr. Brenna Ellison. "We want to fit in with the people we’re dining with. It goes against the expectation that people will exhibit variety-seeking behavior; we don’t want to be that different from others."
Receipt data was analyzed using a random utility framework, where the utility, or happiness, each individual receives from his or her food choice depends not only on the characteristics of that choice (such as item price, calories, etc.), but also on the characteristics of the choices of one’s peers.
"The big takeaway from this research is that people were happier if they were making similar choices to those sitting around them. If my peers are ordering higher-calorie items or spending more money, then I am also happier, or at least less unhappy, if I order higher-calorie foods and spend more money.
"The most interesting thing we found was that no matter how someone felt about the category originally, even if it was initially a source of unhappiness, such as the items in the salad category, this unhappiness was offset when others had ordered within the same category. Given this finding, we thought it would almost be better to nudge people toward healthier friends than healthier foods."
-Dr. Brenna Ellison
Source: “I’ll Have What He’s Having”: Group Ordering Behavior in Food Choice Decisions” Presented at the Agricultural and Applied Economic Association’s 2013 annual meeting, Washington, D.C.
10 Psychological Studies That Will Change What You Think You Know About Yourself
Here are 10 classic psychological studies that may change the way you understand yourself.
#1: We all have some capacity for evil.
#2: We don’t notice what’s right in front of us.
#3: Delaying gratification is hard — but we’re more successful when we do.
#4: We can experience deeply conflicting moral impulses.
#8: We only need one thing to be happy.
Read more: 10 Psychological Studies That Will Change What You Think You Know About Yourself
Mutation is rarely a phenomenon that inspires admiration or high valuation, but in plants, the boundaries are a little more vague. Fasciation occurs when a plant—mutated by one of many possible factors (bacteria, viruses, insect attacks, simple genetic variation, etc.)—loses the plot a bit.
By that, I mean that the meristem stops directing the plant to grow new tissue around cylindrical points and instead shoots off in odd ribbons of tissue. And while this “ailment” isn’t quite as broadly prized as other botanical afflictions, such as striped tulips, there’s a definite horticultural element out there on the hunt for beautiful oddities.
That cactus up top is giving a thumbs up, so I suppose it’s all in good fun. —MN